Technology Policy & Ethics: September 2020
Inclusive Privacy Consenting in Public Video Surveillance and Future Directions
Ankur Chattopadhyay, Northern Kentucky University, Jordan Sommer, University of Wisconsin – Green Bay, and Robert Ruska Jr., Northern Kentucky University
Mainstream public video-surveillance systems are not generally designed to provide accommodations for under-privileged and under-represented subjects [1, 2]. These subjects comprise of physically-challenged individuals, visually-impaired people and senior-citizens. With the recent emergence of the GDPR act [3, 4], all surveillance data subjects, including these under-served populations, need to be offered an opportunity to provide consent, according to the Opt-in and Opt-out rule, regarding being recorded on closed-circuit televisions (CCTV) and other security cameras. Research advances in privacy-enhancing innovations [5, 6], and privacy-mediating features [6, 7] have helped visual-surveillance systems evolve towards offering more subject-centric privacy consenting options. However, these present state-of-the-art technologies do not account for the under-served people. In order to be more inclusive in its privacy-mediating design, a video surveillance system needs to address the difficulties posed by technologies to the under-served subjects. In this article, we discuss this potential gap in research work, and explore the need of designing more inclusive privacy consenting functionalities within video-surveillance systems.
Cloud technologies: All-Cloud IT Operating Model
Dr. Petar Radanliev and Prof. Dave De Roure, Department of Engineering Sciences, University of Oxford
Why are the IT operational strategies transforming from data centers ownership into an all-cloud subscription?
The traditional IT operating models are slowly becoming obsolete in the new digital age. New ‘all-cloud operations’ emerge from the digital transformation and require a new mindset. In the all-cloud operations, developers and business executives translate the products, services, constraints, and security controls into cloud architectures and data models. As this transformation from capital intensive IT operations is evolving into low-asset, all-cloud digital IT operations, the role of IT operations is also manager is evolving. This will inevitably cause some discomfort, but for those that can embrace these changes, the career opportunities will amplify.