SRR stands for Safety, Reliability and Resilence. These three characteristics are becoming crucial as we are deploying more and more autonomous intelligent systems. For a large part of the public autonomous system is associated to a self-driving car, and, indeed, that is an example of an autonomous system. However, there are several other (many more actually) kinds of autonomous systems.
Subway trains, as an example, are starting to become autonomous, drones are becoming autonomous and so on. What about autonomous intelligent systems? Well, we can say that all autonomous systems have (must have) a certain degree of intelligence, to analyse their surrounding and take decisions (action) based on their goal and the context, finding a way to pursue it. There are different levels of autonomy, and therefore of intelligence. In the examples given it is obvious that subway trains operate in a much more controlled environment than drones, hence their level of intelligence can be lower.
Factories are operated by a growing number of robots and these are becoming more and more autonomous and … intelligent. Their intelligence is used by the individual robot to become aware of the context and carry out the required activities and it is also exploited globally (more and more) contributing to the overall factory intelligence (RPA: Robotic Process Automation). This extension from local autonomy and intelligence to global orchestrated autonomy and emerging global intelligence is nicely represented in the figure where the arrow of evolution, roadmap, starts from smart devices moving on to robots and production logistics, raising further to encompass the fusion (seamless cooperation) of humans and machines resulting in a production that is both centralised and decentralised, makes use of crowdsourcing of resources, delivers mass customisation embedding services in products.
As we move towards a landscape of autonomous intelligent systems and rely more and more on them it is obvious that safety, reliability and resilience are crucial characteristics we expect from them. If in the past the focus of research has been on achieving autonomy (and creating intelligence to support it), today and in the coming here the focus is going to be on SRR. This is what is foreseen in the 2022 Technology Predictions published by the IEEE Computer Society.
The whole area is very complex since it results from the interplay of technology, regulation, societal issues, ethical issues and, of course, economic considerations. Standards and frameworks are in the working and we can expect results in the next few years.