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Automotive: disruptions ahead – I

Architecture of the Digital Twin Collector for distributed management of data with specific focus on automotive application. Image credit: Fujitsu

That the whole sector of automotive is heading towards a disruption, is a given, no one is disputing it. Opinions may differ on when, surely not on its occurrence. Actually, it will not be a clear cut thresholds rather a fuzzy area experiencing and accelerated rate of change:

  • shift from internal combustion engine to electric motors (with a significant decrease in the number of components and an impact on the value chain);
  • shift towards autonomous cars with an expected decrease of the numbers of cars being sold (from over 70 million a year to 40 million, a sharp decrease that will have a tremendous impact on today’s players -car manufacturers-  compounded by the entrance of new players in the arena) and a concurrent upswing of car-as-a-service that again will change the value chain..

As cars morph into computers they become part of a network and more and more of their functionalities will be controlled from remote they will be mirrored in the cyberspace through a Digital Twin (a few models already have a flanking digital twin, like Tesla models).

Fujitsu has released a Digital Twin Collector, see image, that serves as a point of data accrual and processing. Interestingly, this platform is receiving data from single digital twins (digital twin instances of a same car model as well as digital twins instances of different car models -each can model has its own digital twin that gets instantiated on each car of that model) and as such support services (like monitoring and proactive maintenance) to that specific car, and at the same time support the sharing of data:

  • among different instances of digital twins, allowing global data analytics thus gathering intelligence from each instances and creating a global intelligence (like: cars reaching a certain mileage are likely to incur in a specific problem: this global intelligence is applied to each single instance taking corrective measures to avoid the emergence of the problem);
  • among different service providers thus increasing the potential offer towards the end user and increasing the potential market to service providers;
  • sharing local intelligence to allow prompt (or better) delivery of services, as an example by sharing information with insurance companies. The platform can also collect video streaming from cars (from their related digital twins) and this can be used to evaluate an accident situation.
  • sharing the global intelligence to third parties, like information of road status to foster proactive road maintenance.
A schematic representation of the Fujitsu platform connecting the real world of cars to the real world of service provider through the cyberspace with Digital Twins acting as gateways and bridges. Image credit: Fujitsu

Fujitsu represents an example of a company entering the automotive field through the service provisioning door.

As shown in the graphic on the side cars will be producing more and more data, as part of their “operation”. At the same time each car is moving around and act as a sensor collecting data on its environment, from bumps in the road to external temperature, traffic information (this can be derived from the average speed of several cars in an area) and “interest” information (unusual traffic patterns…).

All this information can be provided by the car’s sensors or can be resulting from data analytics performed on the raw data.

Obviously, some of these data (or the information derived from them) may be sensitive (like associating the position of people through the day). Others may not present (privacy) problems and can be used without any specific concerns. Some of the “problematic” data can be made less problematic (and more usable) through anonymization, and some through an explicit opt-in sought from the car’s owner/user.

One way or the other, there is no doubt that a new game to leverage on data generated by car is on and will just get more intense in the coming years.

About Roberto Saracco

Roberto Saracco fell in love with technology and its implications long time ago. His background is in math and computer science. Until April 2017 he led the EIT Digital Italian Node and then was head of the Industrial Doctoral School of EIT Digital up to September 2018. Previously, up to December 2011 he was the Director of the Telecom Italia Future Centre in Venice, looking at the interplay of technology evolution, economics and society. At the turn of the century he led a World Bank-Infodev project to stimulate entrepreneurship in Latin America. He is a senior member of IEEE where he leads the New Initiative Committee and co-chairs the Digital Reality Initiative. He is a member of the IEEE in 2050 Ad Hoc Committee. He teaches a Master course on Technology Forecasting and Market impact at the University of Trento. He has published over 100 papers in journals and magazines and 14 books.