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Making the most out of sunlight

Two months ago I posted the news of a start up that found a way to increase the conversion rate of solar light into electricity by stacking different materials and thus covering more wavelength of light. Now I run onto a news of researchers at the mIT that have found an almost ideal way to harvest all wavelengths of solar light and convert them into heat (that in turns can be converted into electricity).
They have managed to create a two dimensional metallic dielectric photonics crystal that can be manufactured in such a way to embed tiny cavities that are hit by the various wavelengths. The material is covered by an antireflective layer that basically makes sure that all incoming light reaches the cavities. The shape (depth) of the cavities is such that photons are captured and their energy is converted into heat.
The material is able to sustain very high temperatures: in an experiment it has been able to "work" at about 1,000° Celsius for a period of 24 hours without any sign of degrade. Also very important, the material can be produced at low cost.
As we can see material science is progressing continuously bringing us more and more options to leverage on sun light for our energy needs.
Capturing as much solar "energy" as possibile is clearly good but it is not enough. We need to find ways to accumulate this energy and then distribute it when needed, since sunlight is not usually in synch with our energy need, time-wise…

About Roberto Saracco

Roberto Saracco fell in love with technology and its implications long time ago. His background is in math and computer science. Until April 2017 he led the EIT Digital Italian Node and then was head of the Industrial Doctoral School of EIT Digital up to September 2018. Previously, up to December 2011 he was the Director of the Telecom Italia Future Centre in Venice, looking at the interplay of technology evolution, economics and society. At the turn of the century he led a World Bank-Infodev project to stimulate entrepreneurship in Latin America. He is a senior member of IEEE where he leads the New Initiative Committee and co-chairs the Digital Reality Initiative. He is a member of the IEEE in 2050 Ad Hoc Committee. He teaches a Master course on Technology Forecasting and Market impact at the University of Trento. He has published over 100 papers in journals and magazines and 14 books.